The Black Sea Region’s Most Important City: Trabzon. It is the capital city of the Trabzon province and one of the Black Sea region’s most important areas due to its many historical remnants and beautiful natural landscapes. From monasteries to mountain villages, fortresses to churches, there’s plenty to see in this town that’s yet to be discovered by visitors. The former capital of the Empire of Trebizond, Trabzon was historically known as Trebizond and served as an important port city with Persia in the southeast and the Caucasus to the northeast. Its location on the historic Silk Road also meant that it was a meeting point of religions, languages, and cultures for many centuries. Nowadays, the city and its province are dotted with the remnants of this rich past, including beautiful churches, monasteries, fortresses, and much more. Make sure to see these sights when you visit Trabzon.